If you have a unprotected sex you may not get HIV infection within days and weeks. The number one thing you need to know that it takes times to see HIV Symptoms in the body.
It takes time to grow HIV infection. Usually, HIV symptoms in men evolve between 4-5 years and sometimes more. But there are some specific HIV symptoms which can be identified and diagnosed early.
Don’t worry HIV/AIDS is no more chronic diseases. A person diagnosed with HIV can live happily for many years with medication by decreasing the progression of diseases.
HIV affects the CD4 cells of the immune system. HIV Symptoms vary from person to person. The immune system cannot eliminate the HIV Infection. Two people having HIV will not experience the same HIV Symptoms.
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Table of Contents –
After 2-4 weeks a person infected with HIV start getting symptoms like flu. This wouldn’t last long but only for two to three weeks.
If you are not feeling well and are getting flu-like symptoms, you must consult a doctor. The symptoms listed above sometimes not easily provoked and remains unnoticed.
HIV symptoms in men during acute illness includes
1. Fatigue – Fatigue can be an early and late sign of HIV infection. The immune system generates an inflammatory response which makes you tired and lethargic.
2. Swollen lymph nodes, Joint pain, and Achy muscles – Many symptoms occur due to HIV infection like Muscle pain, joint pain, and swollen lymph nodes. Lymph glands of your body get inflamed when your immune system suffers HIV infection. Most of them are located in your neck, armpit, and HIV infection.
3. Headache and sore throat – Dr. Horbey says that a headache and sore throat can be noticed with other HIV symptoms. At the beginning of the HIV, infection body doesn’t produce antibodies. So antibody test might not be able to figure out IV infection.
4. Diarrhea, Nausea, and Vomiting – 30% to 60% of people suffer from diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting in an early stage of HIV infection. According to Dr. Malvestutto sometime these type of symptoms occur due to antiretroviral therapy. These symptoms are generally caused by a virus which is not usually detected in people with a healthy immune system.
5. Dry cough – You will get dry cough signs in the beginning but after month or year, it may get worse. If Antibiotic, Benadryl cough syrup is not fixing the problem then you should consult a doctor. Sometimes people suffered from a cough for weeks and months and doesn’t seem to resolve due to ill HIV infection.
6. Pneumonia – Sometimes weight loss and cough don’t bother you if your immune system is strong and working properly. In some cases, people eventually caught by Pneumocystis Pneumonia (PCP).
7. Night sweats – During early stages of HIV Infection, most of the people suffer from night sweats.
8. Yeast infections – During early stages of HIV infection you may suffer from fungal infection. Most of the Fungal infections during HIV occurs in mouth an esophagus, making food difficult to swallow.
9. HIV symptoms rash – Rash is one of the earliest HIV symptoms. It causes allergic reactions, irritation in the skin. If your body is developing these type of rash type symptoms you should consult a doctor.
Within a few weeks, people get rash and flu symptoms which are known as seroconversion. HIV symptoms rash is usually accompanied by flu symptoms, exhaustion, illness, and muscle aches.
HIV rash location & it’s types –
1. Cellulitis rash infection occurs in a deep layer of skin causing pain and swelling in the skin. Sometimes cellulitis is carried by flu. It begins with a cut or small nick in the skin. Herpes rash occurs at genitals, mouth or sometimes both. These types of herpes are painful.
2. Molluscum Contagious condition causes lesions that can spread to another person. Lesions don’t hurt but get worse over time. Folliculitis symptoms usually occur at shaved areas such as a face, leg, and pus-filled bumps.
3. Dermatitis is an itchy rash which causes plaques on scalp, chest face or groin.
4. Scabies causes red and intense itching bumps. These bumps are surrounded by lines, where mites are burrowed. It is highly contagious.
How does HIV rash feel like?
An HIV rash feels like irritating and itching. HIV rash makes skin red, itchy and dry. These HIV rashes also include pimples, blister, and bumps. HIV rashes appear on different parts of the body. But most of the time, it is found in palm, chest, and face.
When the initial symptoms (seroconversion stage) is over you may recover your health. Now you are feeling well but the clear symptoms of HIV may not show until 10 to 15 years depending on your health, age.
But the virus is still active in your body. Now it starts making a copy of infected cells in your body and with the passage of time it weakens your immune system.
During this stage, HIV infected cells cause a large damage to your immune system.
Fungal diseases, Bacterial diseases, and some other serious infections may catch you. As your immune system weakens with time. Your ability of the body to fight against diseases reduces. As long as HIV Infection remains in your body it destroys immune cells continuously.
HIV symptoms in men during advanced HIV Infection –
1. Weight loss. – Weight loss may be due to severe diarrhea. When the immune system is depleted, your body starts losing weight. According to the U.S. Department of health and human services research if a person loses 10% of their body weight have weakness and diarrhea and continued fever for 30 days.
2. Problem in concentrating – Cognitive problems like lack of concentration could be a sign of HIV-related (Dementia). These type of symptoms usually occur later.
1. Get tested and treated for HIV – Before getting into sexual contact with your partner you must ensure that your partner is not HIV positive. Insist him/her go for a medical checkup and if he/she is HIV positive take different preventions carefully.
2. Never inject drugs – Never take Drugs, but if you do so so never share your syringes and equipment with others
3. Limit your Sexual Partners – If you are having sex with many partners then you may be in a dangerous situation.
As HIV situation is different for other peoples you may get infected from another person whom you don’t know. Try to avoid this type of situation every time and have one sex partner.
4. Use Condoms – Using condoms is a great way to reduce the risks of HIV virus. Every time you have sex with a new partner use a new condom.
5. Have Less Risky Sex – Whenever you have sex take measures and preventions. Use condoms during anal sex, vaginal sex. It will reduce the risks of HIV.
Don’t do oral sex without precautions and full knowledge about it.
HIV is spread through the infected blood, vaginal fluid, semen or breast milk of a mother infected with HIV. In this way, HIV is spread from person to person.
The most common ways HIV is transmitted are through anal or vaginal sex and sharing of drug injection equipment with a person infected with HIV.
HIV sometimes passes from an HIV-infected mother to her child during childbirth or pregnancy, or during breastfeeding. Transmission of HIV virus is also sometimes from mother-to-child.
You can’t get HIV by shaking hands or hugging a person infected with HIV and you can’t get HIV from contact with objects such as dishes, toilet seats, or doorknobs used by a person with HIV.
Without treatment, HIV can advance to AIDS. It usually takes for HIV to grow to AIDS can take 9-10 years or more. The following criteria are used to determine if a person with HIV has AIDS: A CD4 count of fewer than 200 cells/mm3.
A CD4 count measures the number of CD4 cells in a sample of blood. The CD4 count of a healthy person ranges from 500 to 1,200 cells/mm3.
AIDS conditions include opportunistic cancers and infections that are life-threatening to a person with HIV.
ART involves taking a combination of HIV medicines (called an HIV regimen) every day. Art can help people infected with HIV live longer, and have healthier lives.
There is no cure or medicine present for treatment of HIV. However, if a patient gets an early diagnosis
and treatment can slow the spread of diseases in his body and can change his life.
For any information related to HIV treatment in the U.S.A, visit AIDSinfo.
According to a recent study in 2013, people who are diagnosed early with HIV have longer lifespan and
quality of life.
HIV virus cannot be detected in blood. So there are more chances of getting infected
from the infected blood of an HIV person.
HIV testing shows if a person is infected with HIV or not. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. AIDS is the last stage of HIV virus infection. HIV testing detects HIV virus infection but it doesn’t tell how much time is left for a patient.
Why is HIV Testing Important – HIV testing helps protect your health? Whether testing shows you are HIV-negative or HIV-positive, you can take steps to protect your health.
If you are HIV Negative – Testing shows that you don’t have HIV. Continue taking steps to avoid getting HIV, such as using a condom during sex.
If you are HIV Positive – Begin by talking to your healthcare provider about antiretroviral therapy (ART). ART is the use of HIV medicines to treat HIV infection.
By taking ART patients can live longer. ART also reduces the risk of sexual transmission of HIV. Your health care provider will help you decide when to start treatment and what HIV medicines to take.
CDC recommends HIV testing at least once a year for people at high risk of HIV infection.
Factors that increase the risk of HIV infection include: Having unprotected sex (sex without using a condom) with someone who is HIV-positive or whose HIV status is unknown.
What are the types of HIV test?
The three main HIV tests are the HIV antibody test, the HIV RNA test, and the Western blot test.
HIV Antibody test
The HIV antibody test is the most common HIV test. During this test doctor’s look for HIV antibodies in blood samples, fluids, or urine samples. HIV antibodies are similar to protein the human body produces in response to HIV virus infection.
It usually takes a few days to a few weeks to get the results of an HIV antibody test. Some rapid HIV antibody tests can produce results within 30 minutes.
Western Blot Test
HIV is diagnosed on the basis of positive results from two HIV tests. The first test is an HIV antibody test (using urine, blood samples or saliva fluids from the mouth) or RNA HIV test (using blood sample).
A positive result on a first HIV test must be confirmed by a second HIV test (always using blood).
The confirmatory test typically used is a different type of antibody test called a Western blot test. Results from a Western blot test are usually available within a few days to a few weeks.
Viral Load (PCR RNA Test)
Viral Load tests are not best for HIV test under specific circumstances. PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) hunts for HIV infection in the blood. PCR test is not accurate and also they are expensive.
HIV symptoms vary from person to person. Sometimes HIV symptoms come and go or get progressively bad. HIV symptoms are similar in men and women.
HIV symptoms in men are more noticeable than women such as sores on men genitals.
Why should Pregnant Women get tested for HIV?
CDC also recommends that all pregnant women get tested for HIV. Women who test HIV positive take HIV medicines during pregnancy and childbirth to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV.
Babies born to HIV-infected women receive HIV medicines for 6 weeks after birth to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV.
How to protect your partner if you are HIV positive or She/He is HIV negative
Take HIV medicines on a daily basis as prescribed by the doctor. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) helps people with HIV to live healthier and longer lives.
Antiretroviral therapy can not cure the HIV virus infection, but it reduces the amount of HIV virus in the human body.
Less HIV virus in your body will reduce your risk of passing the HIV virus to your partner during sex. You can also discuss with your partner about taking safety precautions. Another precaution measure which is very helpful in preventing blood contamination is a medical screening test.
If you are sexually active and had a unprotected sexual intercourse with a partner it is advisable to go for HIV medical screen test.
Blood contamination very often occurs through the sexual intercourse with the infected partner who doesn’t know about his medical condition, unaware of her/his condition.
Although the HIV/AIDS is more prevalent in the other parts of the world than in North America every person should be aware of this diseases.
We have to take advantage of this opportunity to have a discussion with people such as teenagers especially if you are parents. Spread information about AIDS and HIV their consequences and especially the ways of protecting yourself and others from the infection.
FAQ ( Frequently Asked Questions )
1. How long does HIV Symptoms in men last?
Typically HIV symptoms last for a few days to a week. Some early signs of HIV are flu-like symptoms, severe headache, rashes on skin etc.
2. How long does it take for HIV to show symptoms?
After HIV Infection you will see flu-like symptoms in your body after 2-3 weeks. After that HIV symptoms don’t appear for years. 80% of people suffer from flu-like symptoms in the first 2-3 weeks of HIV Infection.
3. How long can someone live with HIV?
According to a study done in Denmark in 2005 says that the survival rate of a young person diagnosed with HIV is 35 years.
4. HIV symptoms in men after 1 year?
HIV symptoms in men usually don’t occur early. It takes time to see HIV symptoms in the body. You can live with HIV treatment for several years. After one year of HIV infection, most of the people are in the asymptomatic stage.
HIV virus starts damaging your immune system. If you suspect that you have HIV infection you must go for HIV antibody tests. In some cases, people suffer from herpes, hives, shortness of breath and facial wasting after 1 year of exposure.